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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 25th Dec. 2020

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Current affairs quiz today – 25th Dec. 2020.
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#1. Consider the following statements regarding Conjunction related to Solar System.

1. Conjunction is the name given to any event where planets or asteroids appear to be very close together in the sky when viewed from the Earth.

2. Conjunction always coincides with the winter solstice or the summer solstice.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

After nearly 400 years, Saturn and Jupiter – the two largest planets in our solar system – were brought closest in the night sky by an astronomical event called the “great conjunction” and popularly referred to as the “Christmas Star”.

The event coincided with the winter solstice (shortest day of the year in terms of hours of sunlight received) in the Northern Hemisphere and summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.

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A conjunction is not unique to Saturn and Jupiter however, it is the name given to any event where planets or asteroids appear to be very close together in the sky when viewed from the Earth. In June 2005 for instance, as a result of the “spectacular” conjunction, Mercury, Venus and Saturn appeared so close together in the sky that the patch of sky where the three planets were could be covered by a thumb. Astronomers use the word “great” for the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn because of the planets’ sizes.

#2. Consider the following statements.

1. Maitri and Himadri are two Indian permanent stations in Antarctica.

2. National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) is the nodal agency for India’s scientific expeditions in Antarctica and the Arctic.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (B) 2 only

The two Indian permanent stations, Maitri and Bharati are in Antarctica.

National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) is the nodal agency for India’s scientific expeditions in Antarctica and the Arctic.

#3. Consider the following statements.

1. All India Trade Union Congress is the first Central Trade Union of India.

2. All India Trade Union Congress was founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

3. The first session of the All India Trade Union Congress was held in 1920 at Bombay

Choose the correct answer.

ANS: (C) 1 and 3

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Explanation:
• The founding conference or the first session of AITUC began on October 31st 1920, in Empire Theatre Bombay with Lala Lajpat Rai as the founding President.
• All India Trade Union Congress is the first Central Trade Union of India and the second largest trade union federation in India after the Indian National Trade Union Congress.

#4. The city of Basra is located in

ANS: (D) Iraq

The United States have decided to close down its consulate at Basra in Iraq.

#5. ‘FRUITS’ portal for land records, a project of e-governance was launched by which of the following:

ANS: (A) Government of Karnataka

‘FRUITS’ portal for land records launched:

  • The ‘FRUITS’ (Farmer Registration and Unified Beneficiary Information System) portal, a project of e-governance by Karnataka Government.
  • The portal was integrated to the Bhoomi portal of the State for fetching and validating land details.
  • It will eliminate visit of farmers to sub-registrar offices.
  • How it works?
    • In this portal, all the farmers will be registered and given a FID Number.
    • Using this number, the financial and lending institutions can access the land details of the farmers as well as their borrowings and take a quick decision on lending to the farmers depending on their requirements.
    • All financial institutions would be brought on to the portal so that at one place, all the data pertaining to the loans of the farmers would be available.
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