Current affairs quiz today – 24th March 2021.
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#1. Consider the following statements:
1. The anniversary of the day on which freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged is observed as Sarvodaya Day.
2. All three of them were members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
3. Sukhdev Thapar was involved in the killing of John Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police of Lahore.
Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?
ANS: (D) 3 only
- The anniversary of the day on which freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged is observed as Sarvodaya Day, Martyrs’ Day or Shaheedi Diwas.
- All three of them were members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, an organisation involved in revolutionary activities.
- When national leader Lala Lajpat Rai died of a heart attack in November 1928 after he was brutally lathi-charged on the orders of the Superintendent of Police James A. Scott, Bhagat Singh and his associates vowed to avenge his death.
- Singh and Rajguru shot and killed an Assistant Superintendent of Police of Lahore, John Saunders in a case of mistaken identity.
- The trio was ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931 but the sentence was carried out a day earlier at the Lahore Jail. After the hanging, their mortal remains were cremated in secret.
- March 23rd is observed as ‘Martyrs’ Day’ or ‘Shaheed Diwas’ or ‘Sarvodaya Day’ in India in their honour.
#2. SAANS and the SUMAN initiative have been launched under which of the following?
ANS: (A) National Health Mission (NHM)
The new initiatives under NHM that were introduced in 2019-20 are:
- SAANS initiative: Social Awareness and Actions to Neutralize Pneumonia Successfully (SAANS) initiative was launched to accelerate action to reduce deaths due to childhood pneumonia.
- SUMAN initiative: Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) initiative was launched to provide assured, dignified, respectful and quality healthcare at no cost and zero tolerance for denial of services; and all existing schemes for maternal and neonatal health have been brought under one umbrella.
#3. Consider the following statements with respect to Project Mausam:
1. The project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean world.
2. It aims to rebuild maritime and economic connections with the 39 countries bordering the Indian Ocean.
3. The project is an initiative of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?
ANS: (C) 1 and 2 only
- Project Mausam is a cultural and economic project by the Indian Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) with the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts which aims to connect countries on the Indian Ocean.
- This project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Indian Ocean.
#4. With reference to the Indus Water Treaty, 1960, consider the following statements:
1. The treaty was brokered by the United Nations in 1960.
2. India, Pakistan and China have signed this treaty to share the water of river Indus.
3. India has been given the right to generate hydroelectricity from Sutlej, Beas and Ravi rivers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
ANS: (A) 3 only
- The Indus Water Treaty, 1960 is a treaty brokered by the World Bank and signed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan which administers how the waters of the Indus and its tributaries that flow in both the countries will be utilised. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
- According to the treaty, waters of the eastern rivers — Sutlej, Beas and Ravi had been allocated to India, while the western rivers — the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab to Pakistan.
- Under the treaty, India has been given the right to generate hydroelectricity through a run of the river projects on the western rivers subject to specific criteria for design and operation. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
- India has cleared several hydropower projects in Ladakh: Darbuk Shyok (19 MW), Shankoo (18.5 MW), Nimu Chilling (24 MW), Rongdo (12 MW), Ratan Nag (10.5 MW) for Leh; and Mangdum Sangra (19 MW), Kargil Hunderman (25 MW) and Tamasha (12 MW) for Kargil.
- It also gives Pakistan the right to raise concerns on the design of Indian hydroelectric projects on western rivers.
- The Treaty also provides an arbitration mechanism to solve disputes amicably.
- There have been disagreements and differences between India and Pakistan over dams. For eg. In 2010, Pakistan instituted international arbitration proceedings over India’s 330-megawatt hydropower project on a small Indus tributary, the Kishenganga (known as Neelum in Pakistan).
- Though Indus originates from Tibet, China has been kept out of the Treaty. If China decides to stop or change the flow of the river, it will affect both India and Pakistan. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
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