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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 30th Dec. 2020

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Current affairs quiz today – 30th Dec. 2020.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements regarding Pneumococcal disease.

1. Pneumococcal disease is a bacterial disease and is a significant contributor for under-five mortality rate worldwide.

2. Pneumococcal disease is spread from infected person to others by direct contact with respiratory secretions, like saliva or mucus.

3. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine is included in India’s Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1, 2 and 3

Pune-based Serum Institute of India (SII) unveiled India’s first indigenously developed pneumococcal vaccine.

The vaccine targets the pneumococcal bacterium, which causes pneumonia and other serious life-threatening diseases such as meningitis and sepsis, and is estimated to cause nearly four lakh deaths in children under five years of age each year worldwide.

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Pneumococcal disease is a significant contributor under-five mortality rate worldwide.

In view of its widespread fatality, the World Health Organization in 2018 recommended the inclusion of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) in routine childhood immunisation programmes in all countries.

Pneumococcal bacteria spread from person-to-person by direct contact with respiratory secretions, like saliva or mucus. Many people, especially children, have the bacteria in their nose or throat at one time or another without being ill.

#2. Global Environment Outlook is released by

ANS: (B) UNEP

Explanation:

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  • Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is a series of reports on the environment issued periodically by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • The GEO project was initiated in response to the environmental reporting requirements of UN Agenda 21 and to a UNEP Governing Council decision of May 1995 which requested the production of a new comprehensive global state of the environment report.

#3. Consider the following statements regarding Inner Line Permit (ILP).

1. An Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.

2. The concept originates from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act (BEFR), 1873.

3. An ILP is required for certain parts of the Leh district in Ladakh.

4. At present only Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur are protected by the ILP system.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (A) 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

  • What is an ILP?
    • It is a document required by non- natives to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.
    • At present, four Northeastern states are covered, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland.
    • Both the duration of stay and the areas allowed to be accessed for any non native are determined by the ILP.
    • The ILP is issued by the concerned state government and can be availed both by applying online or in person.
    • An ILP is only valid for domestic tourists.
  • Rationale behind:
    • The Inner Line Permit is an extension of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act 1873.
    • After the British occupied the Northeast, the colonisers started exploiting the region and its resources for economic benefits.
    • They first started tea plantations and oil industries in Brahmaputra Valley.
    • The indigenous tribes living in the hill areas would regularly conduct raids into the plains to loot and plunder, marauding the tea gardens, oil rigs and trading posts set up by the British East India Company.
    • It was in this context that the BEFR 1873 was promulgated.

#4. With reference to Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), consider the following statements:

1. Ayushman Bharat was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

2. PM-JAY is the world’s largest health insurance/ assurance scheme fully financed by the government.

3. It covers up to 5 days of pre-hospitalization and 10 days post-hospitalization expenses such as diagnostics and medicines.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (A) 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

  • Ayushman Bharat, a flagship scheme of Government of India, was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC). This initiative has been designed to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and its underlining commitment, which is to “leave no one behind.”
  • Ayushman Bharat adopts a continuum of care approach, comprising of two inter-related components, which are –
    • Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs)
    • Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)
  • Key Features of PM-JAY
    • PM-JAY is the world’s largest health insurance/ assurance scheme fully financed by the government.
    • It provides a cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization across public and private empanelled hospitals in India.
    • Over 10.74 crore poor and vulnerable entitled families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) are eligible for these benefits.
    • PM-JAY provides cashless access to health care services for the beneficiary at the point of service, that is, the hospital.
    • PM-JAY envisions to help mitigate catastrophic expenditure on medical treatment which pushes nearly 6 crore Indians into poverty each year.
    • It covers up to 3 days of pre-hospitalization and 15 days post-hospitalization expenses such as diagnostics and medicines.
    • There is no restriction on the family size, age or gender.
    • All pre–existing conditions are covered from day one.
    • Benefits of the scheme are portable across the country i.e. a beneficiary can visit any empanelled public or private hospital in India to avail cashless treatment.
    • Services include approximately 1,393 procedures covering all the costs related to treatment, including but not limited to drugs, supplies, diagnostic services, physician’s fees, room charges, surgeon charges, OT and ICU charges etc.
    • Public hospitals are reimbursed for the healthcare services at par with the private hospitals.

#5. With reference to India’s Tso Kar Wetland Complex, consider the following statements:

1. It is a high-altitude wetland complex, consisting of two principal water bodies.

2. It situated in the Changthang region of Ladakh, India.

3. It is an Important Bird Area (IBA) and a key staging site in the Central Asian Flyway.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

  • About Tso Kar:
  • Tso Kar Basin is a high-altitude wetland complex, consisting of two principal waterbodies, Startsapuk Tso, a freshwater lake and Tso Kar itself, a hyper saline lake, situated in the Changthang region of Ladakh, India.
  • It is called Tso Kar, meaning white lake, because of the white salt efflorescence found on the margins due to the evaporation of highly saline water.
  • It is also an Important Bird Area (IBA) as per BirdLife International and a key staging site in the Central Asian Flyway.
  • Important bird species found in the area:
  • Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis), Great Crested Grebe (Podicepscristatus), Bar-headed Geese (Anserindicus), Ruddy Shelduck (Tadornaferruginea), Brown-headed Gull (Larusbrunnicephalus), Lesser Sand-Plover (Charadriusmongolus) and many other species.
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