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Daily Current Affairs Quiz – 8th Dec. 2020

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#1. Consider the following statements about Scheduled Tribes:

1. The list of Scheduled Tribes are prepared State/Union Territory specific.

2. The Tharu Tribe belongs to terai lowlands of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Correct answer: 1 only

Explanation
  • Article 366 (25) of the Constitution refers to Scheduled Tribes as those communities, who are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the constitution.
  • Article 342 says that only those communities who have been declared as such by the President through an initial public notification or through a subsequent amending Act of Parliament will be considered to be Scheduled Tribes
  • The list of Scheduled Tribes are State/UT specific and a community declared as a Scheduled Tribe in a State need not be so in another State. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • In 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes.
  • The Tharu Tribe belongs to the Terai lowlands, amid the Shivaliks or lower Himalayas.
  • The Tharus live in both India and Nepal.In the Indian terai, they live mostly in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. Hence, statement 2 is not correct

#2. Consider the following statements with respect to Lakshadweep:

1. Lakshadweep is the first Union Territory to be declared a 100% organic agricultural area.

2. Under the union government’s ‘One District One Product’ programme of food processing, the entire island is being considered as a single district.

3. In the island, Tobacco has been identified as the product under the ‘One District One Product’ programme of food processing.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

Correct answer: 3 only

Explanation:

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  • Lakshadweep is the first Union Territory to be declared a 100% organic agricultural area.
  • Under the union government’s ‘One District One Product’ programme of food processing, the entire island is being considered as a single district.
  • Coconut Oil has been identified as the product under the ‘One District One Product’ programme of food processing.

#3. Consider the following statements:

1. LiDAR is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges to the Earth.

2. LiDAR uses ultraviolet, visible, or near-infrared light to image objects.

3. LiDAR can target a wide range of materials, including non-metallic objects, chemical compounds and single molecules.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

#4. Consider the following statements with respect to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB):

1. The Crime in India report is the comprehensive statistics of crime across the country published by the NCRB.

2. The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project is implemented by NCRB.

3. ‘Prison Statistics of India’ is the only annual statistical publication started by NCRB.

Answer: 1,2 and 3

Explanation:

  • National Crime Records Bureau, headquartered in New Delhi, was set up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project is implemented by NCRB.
  • Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) is a project initiated in June 2009 which aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing at the Police Station level.
  • ‘Prison Statistics of India’ is the only annual statistical publication started by NCRB, other publications having been started prior to the constitution of NCRB and continued by NCRB.
  • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country in its ‘Crime in India’ report

#5. With reference to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), consider the following statements:

1. It is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the United Nations General Assembly.

2. The World Investment Report is published by UNCTAD.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1964. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

 

  • Its headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • It was established to promote development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.
  • It is a central agency that monitors performance of Investment promotion Agencies (IPAs) and identifies global best practices.
  • Some of the reports published by it are:
    • Trade and Development Report
    • World Investment Report
    • Global Investment Trend Monitor Report
    • The Least Developed Countries Report
    • Information and Economy Report
    • Technology and Innovation Report
    • Commodities and Development Report
  • Hence, statement 2 is also is correct.
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