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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 29th Jan 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 29th Jan. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements with respect to Lala Lajpat Rai:

1. He founded the “Arya Gazette”.

2. He co-founded the Punjab National Bank.

3. He is the founder of the Servants of People Society.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

ANS: (D) None of the above

  • Lala Lajpat Rai Born was in 1865 in Moga district, Punjab.
  • He was a lawyer by profession and is called ‘Punjab Kesari’.
  • He was the editor of the Arya Gazette, which he had founded.
  • He founded the Servants of People Society in 1921.
  • He co-founded the Punjab National Bank in 1894.

#2. Consider the following statements about India Justice Report 2020:

1. It ranks the states on the basis of Judiciary, Police, Prisons and Legal Aid.

2. Tamil Nadu has the highest percentage of women police officers.

3. Sikkim has the highest percentage of women HC Judges while Bihar has no women judges in High Courts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation
  • The India Justice Report (2020) prepared by the Tata Trusts in collaboration with the Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, DAKSH, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative has been released recently.
    • The Report assesses the capacity of various states to deliver justice.
  • The overall ranking is a result of a state’s ranking across the four pillars of justice delivery system – Judiciary, Police, Prisons and Legal aid. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • Maharashtra was ranked topmost among 18 states for the second time in a row, followed by Tamil Nadu and Telangana. Uttar Pradesh remains last.
    • Amongst the smaller states, Goa remained at the top and Arunachal Pradesh at the bottom.
  • Women Ratio in Police Force:
    • Bihar leads the list of 25 states for employing most women in its police force which is 25.3%.
    • It is the only state to have more than 20% women in the police force. However, women account for only 6.1% in the officer category.
    • Tamil Nadu has the highest percentage of women police officers (24.8%), followed by Mizoram (20.1%). Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Women Ratio in Judiciary:
    • Overall, only 29% judges in High Courts across the country are women, but no state except Sikkim has over 20% women judges.
    • Four states – Bihar, Uttarakhand, Tripura and Meghalaya have no woman judges in high courts. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

#3. Consider the following statements:

1. Kala Utsav is an initiative of the Ministry of Culture.

2. Kala Utsav aims at showcasing the talent of school students at national, state and district level.

3. Kala Sanskriti Vikas Yojana is an initiative for promoting arts by the Ministry of Culture.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

ANS: (C) 1 only

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Explanation
  • Kala Utsav is an initiative of the Ministry of Education (MoE) to promote arts in education. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
    • This programme was initiated under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), which has now been merged with other schemes under ‘Samagra Shiksha – an integrated scheme for school education’.
    • It is in sync with the recommendations of National Education Policy 2020 which emphasises the promotion of arts and culture through education.
  • Kala Utsav aims at nurturing and showcasing the artistic talent of school students at the secondary stage in the country.
    • District/State/National Level Utsav is structured as an art festival which includes performances and display of exhibits. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • It complements the Samagra Shiksha Scheme by enhancing aesthetics and artistic experiences for secondary-level students, which play a major role in creating awareness of India’s rich cultural heritage and its vibrant diversity in line with ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’.
  • Other Initiatives Taken for Promoting Arts:
    • Kala Sanskriti Vikas Yojana (Ministry of Culture). Hence, statement 3 is correct.
    • Scheme for Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage (Ministry of Culture).

#4. With reference to the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, consider the following statements:

1. The bonds are issued by the Reserve Bank of India on behalf of the Central Government.

2. The gold bonds are sold only to resident Indian entities.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • The Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme seeks to encourage people to buy gold bonds instead of actual gold.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issues these bonds on behalf of the Central Government. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • The gold bonds will be denominated in multiples of gram (s) of gold with a basic unit of one gram while the minimum investment limit is two grams.
    • The maximum subscription is 500 grams per person per fiscal (April-March) and for joint holders, the limit will be applied on the first holder.
    • The gold bonds will be sold only to resident Indian entities including individuals, Hindu undivided families, trusts, universities, and charitable institutions. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
    • The bond tenure is eight years with exit option beginning the fifth year onwards. They will also be tradable.
    • These bonds can also be used as collateral for loans.

#5. Consider the following statements with respect to Ethanol:

1. Ethanol is alcohol of 99% plus purity that can be used for blending with petrol.

2. Ethanol is mainly produced from molasses.

3. Ethanol blending with fossil fuels will cut down carbon emissions.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1, 2 and 3

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