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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 12th Feb 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 12th Feb. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements with respect to Unani system of medicine:

1. The Unani system of medicine originated in Greece.

2. Unani was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians.

3. It assumes the four main elements – Fire, Water, Air and Earth.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (B) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

  • The Unani system of medicine originated in Greece, however, its present form was saved by the Arabs.
  • Unani medicine is also known as Unani Tibb, Arabian medicine, or Islamic medicine.
  • It is a healing philosophy that takes from ancient Greek medicine. In Arab, Unani means ‘Greek.’
  • It assumes the four main elements – Fire, Water, Air and Earth which corresponds to four humours – Phlegm, Black bile, Blood, and Yellow bile respectively.
  • Unani was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians.
  • World Unani day is celebrated on 11th February, the birth anniversary of great Unani scholar and social reformer Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868 – 1927). He was a Unani medical educationist and founder of scientific research in the Unani system of medicine.

#2. Consider the following statements with respect to the National Coal Index (NCI):

1. It is a price index which reflects the change of price level of coal on a particular year relative to the fixed base year.

2. It was rolled out by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

3. The indices are separate for Non-Coking and Coking Coal.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

ANS: (C) 1 and 2 only

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Explanation:

  • The National Coal Index (NCI) is a price index which reflects the change of price level of coal on a particular month relative to the fixed base year.
  • NCI was rolled out by the Ministry of Coal in June 2020.
  • The coal ministry has rolled out the National Coal Index to be used for the purpose of auction of coal mines for commercial mining on a revenue share basis.
  • NCI is composed of a set of five sub-indices: three for Non-Coking Coal and two for Coking Coal.
  • The three sub-indices for Non-Coking Coal are combined to arrive at the Index for Non-Coking Coal and the two sub-indices for Coking Coal are combined to arrive at the Index for Coking Coal.
  • Thus, indices are separate for Non-coking and Coking Coal.

#3. Consider the following statements with respect to Swadhar Greh Scheme:

1. It is a social welfare flagship programme, created by the Central Government, to provide housing for the rural poor in India.

2. It aims at providing housing for all in rural areas by the year 2022.

3. The scheme was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (D) None of the above

Explanation:

  • Swadhar Greh Scheme was launched for Women in Difficult Circumstances. It was launched by the Department of Women and Child Development in 2001- 02. The scheme aims to rehabilitate such women in difficult circumstances by providing shelter, food, clothing, counseling, training, clinical and legal aid.
  • Swadhar Greh Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for women in distress.
  • Under this scheme, Swadhar Greh will be set up in every district with a capacity of 30 women.
  • The scheme also envisages offering legal aid and guidance to these women for their readjustment in family/society.
  • It also offers vocational training and economic rehabilitation so that they can start their life afresh with dignity.

#4. Consider the following statements with respect to the Hindu Kush – Himalayan region:

1. The Hindu Kush – Himalayan region spans across 8 countries.

2. The region stores more snow and ice than anywhere else in the world outside the polar regions.

3. The region hosts four biodiversity hotspots.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

ANS: (D) None of the above

Explanation:

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  • The Hindu Kush – Himalayan region spans across eight countries – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Myanmar and Pakistan.
  • The region stores more snow and ice than anywhere else in the world outside the polar regions.
  • The HKH region hosts four biodiversity hotspots – the Himalaya, the Indo-Burma, the mountains of southeast China and the mountains of Central Asia.
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