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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 20th March 2021

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current affairs quiz today
Current affairs quiz today – 20th March 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements:

1. Mining of both major and minor minerals come under the purview of the central governments.

2. River sand is considered a minor mineral.

3. Hydrocarbons, atomic minerals and metallic minerals are specified under the first schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

ANS: (B) 1 only

Explanation

  • While the mining of major minerals come under the purview of the central governments, mining of minor minerals comes under the purview of state governments.
  • River sand is considered a minor mineral.
  • For minerals specified in the first schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, central government approval is necessary before granting the mineral concession.
  • Minerals specified under the first schedule include hydrocarbons, atomic minerals and metallic minerals such as iron ore, bauxite copper ore, lead precious stones, zinc and gold.

#2. Consider the following statements with respect to Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS):

1. It is led by the Union Health Ministry, in collaboration with UNICEF.

2. CNNS encompasses overall health indicators in addition to nutrition data.

3. The first CNNS was conducted between 2016-18.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1 and 3 only

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Explanation:

  • The first-ever Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) was commissioned by the government in 2016 and was conducted from 2016-18, led by the Union Health Ministry, in collaboration with UNICEF. The findings were published in 2019.
  • CNNS includes only nutrition data, whereas the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) encompasses overall health indicators.

#3. Consider the following statements about the World Happiness Report 2021:

1. It ranks countries on the basis of GDP, social support and generosity.

2. Norway was the first country to emphasise the importance of national happiness over national income.

3. Finland has been ranked as the happiest country for consecutively four years.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

ANS: (B) 2 only

Explanation
  • Recently, the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations has released the World Happiness Report 2021.
    • The United Nations started to celebrate the International Day of Happiness in 2013 but a resolution for the same was passed in July, 2012.
    • This resolution was first initiated by Bhutan which emphasised on the importance of national happiness over national income since the early 1970s, thereby adopting the Gross National Happiness (GNH) over Gross National Product (GNP). Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
      • Gross National Happiness: The phrase ‘gross national happiness’ was first coined by the 4th King of Bhutan, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, in 1972.
  • The rankings are based on polling which looks at six variables:
    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Per Capita (Purchasing Power Parity).
    • Social Support.
    • Healthy life expectancy at birth.
    • Freedom to make life choices.
    • Generosity.
    • Perceptions of corruption.
    • Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Finland has been ranked as the happiest country in the world for the fourth consecutive year, followed by Iceland, Denmark and Switzerland. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
    • Afghanistan (149) is the most unhappy country, followed by Zimbabwe (148), Rwanda (147), Botswana (146) and Lesotho (145).
    • India has been ranked 139, out of 149 countries evaluated.

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. Gluten is naturally found in certain cereal grains.

2. Celiac disease is the severe form of gluten intolerance.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • Gluten is a family of storage proteins — formally known as prolamins — that are naturally found in certain cereal grains, such as wheat, barley etc. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • The two main proteins in gluten are glutenin and gliadin.
  • Gluten offers a variety of functional culinary benefits and is responsible for the soft, chewy texture that is characteristic of many gluten-containing, grain based foods.
  • When heated, gluten proteins form an elastic network that can stretch and trap gas, allowing for optimal leavening or rising and maintenance of moisture in breads, pasta, and other similar products.
  • Celiac disease, also spelled as coeliac disease, is the most severe form of gluten intolerance. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
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