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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 13th Jan 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 13th Jan. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements:

1. India derives the provision of criminal contempt from the English system.

2. Interfering or obstructing the administration of justice in any manner would amount to civil contempt.

3. Criminal contempt is the wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other processes of a court or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (A) 1 only

Explanation:

Explanation:

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  • India derives the provision of criminal contempt from the English system.
  • The King of England used to deliver judgments himself and the need to uphold the authority of the King led to the provision of “respecting the authority and dignity of the court”.
  • Civil Contempt: As per the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971, civil contempt has been defined as wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other processes of a court or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court.
  • Criminal Contempt: As per the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971, criminal contempt has been defined as the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which:
    • Scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court, or
    • Prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with the due course of any judicial proceeding, or
    • Interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner.

#2. Consider the following statements:

1. National Youth Day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekanand.

2. The National Youth Festival is organised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

  • National Youth Day is held every year on 12th January to observe the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • The day is also referred to as Swami Vivekanand Jayanti and was designated as the National Youth Day in 1984.
  • Celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, the National Youth Festival is an annual gathering of youth with various activities including competitive ones.
    • Theme of 2021 Festival: ‘YUVAAH – Utsah Naye Bharat Ka”.
    • It will be celebrated from 12th to 16th January.
    • It is organized by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India in collaboration with one of the State Governments. Hence, statement 2 is correct

#3. Consider the following statements about United Nations Security Council (UNSC):

1. The UNSC consists of 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members.

2. Five non-permanent members are elected every year by the General Assembly for a two-year term.

3. India has entered as a non-permanent member of UNSC for the first time during 2011-12.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

ANS: (C) 3 only

Explanation
  • The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
  • The UNSC has been given primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
  • Permanent and Non-Permanent Members:
    • The UNSC is composed of 15 members, 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • Five permanent members: China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
    • Ten non-permanent members: Elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly.
  • Each year, the General Assembly elects five non-permanent members (out of ten in total) for a two-year term. The ten non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
    • Five for African and Asian countries.
    • One for Eastern European countries.
    • Two for Latin American and Caribbean countries.
    • Two for Western European and other countries.
  • As stipulated in rule 144 of the rules of procedure, a retiring member is not eligible for immediate re-election.
    • In accordance with rule 92 of the rules of procedure, the election is held by secret ballot and there are no nominations.
    • Under rule 83 of the rules of procedure, the non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected by a two-thirds majority.
  • India, for the eighth time, has entered the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as a non-permanent member recently.
    • Previously, it has been elected as a member for the period of 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992 and 2011-2012.
    • It will stay on the council for two years i.e 2021-22.
    • India has served seven times in the UN Security Council. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. Asian houbara bustards are endemic to the Indian Sub-continent.

2. Asian houbara bustards are listed as critically endangered under IUCN Red List.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (D) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
  • Bustards are large, terrestrial birds that belong to several species, including some of the largest flying birds.
  • The population of the Asian houbara bustards extends from northeast Asia, across central Asia, the Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula to reach the Sinai desert (Egypt). Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
    • After breeding in the spring, the Asian bustards migrate south to spend the winter in Pakistan, the Arabian Peninsula and nearby Southwest Asia.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN Red List Status- Vulnerable
    • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)- Appendix I
    • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)- Appendix II
    • Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

#5. With reference to Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), consider the following statements:

1. It covers all food & oilseed crops and annual commercial/horticultural crops for which past yield data is available.

2. Premium cost over and above the farmer share is subsidized by the Union Government only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (A) 1 Only

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Explanation
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) provides a comprehensive insurance cover against failure of the crop thus helping in stabilising the income of the farmers.
  • It includes all the food & oilseed crops and annual commercial/horticultural crops for which past yield data is available. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all rabi crops. In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium is 5%.
    • Premium cost over and above the farmer share is equally subsidized by States and GoI. However, GoI shares 90% of the premium subsidy for North Eastern States to promote the uptake in the region. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Crop Insurance app provides for easy enrollment of farmers and facilitates easier reporting of crop loss within 72 hours of occurrence of any event.
  • To assess crop losses, satellite imagery, remote-sensing technology, drones, artificial intelligence and machine learning are used.
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