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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 09th Feb 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 09th Feb. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements with respect to UN Human Rights Council:

1. Its members are elected by the members of the General Assembly.

2. The members are elected for staggered three-year terms.

3. No member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive terms.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (C) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

  • The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.
  • It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
  • Its members are elected by the members of the General Assembly.
  • The UNHRC has 47 members elected for staggered three-year terms on a regional group basis.
  • No member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive terms.

#2. Consider the following statements:

1. Dhauliganga originates from Chemayungdung Glacier.

2. Dhauliganaga flows through the Nanda Devi National Park and meets Alaknanda river at Vishnu Prayag.

3. Tapovan Vishnugad power plant is a run-of-river project being constructed on Dhauliganga River.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (C) 1, 2 and 3

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Explanation:

  • Dhauliganga originates from Vasudhara Tal.
  • The Dhauliganga flows in a meandering course, which takes it through the Nanda Devi National Park.
  • It meets Alaknanda river at Vishnu Prayag at the base of Joshimath Mountains.
  • Tapovan Vishnugad power plant is a run-of-river project being constructed on Dhauliganga River in Chamoli District of Uttarakhand.

#3. Consider the following statements about the Kuruba community:

1. It is a traditional sheep rearing community of Karnataka.

2. Kurubas are included in the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) list.

3. Kurubas are the second largest group in Karnataka after the Lingayats.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) 1 only

Explanation
  • The Kurubas of Karnataka are a traditional sheep rearing community. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Presently, the Kurubas constitute 9.3% of the state’s population and come under the backward classes category.
    • A massive rally was organised by the Kuruba community to urge the state government of Karnataka to recommend the Centre inclusion of the community in the Scheduled Tribe (ST) list. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Kurubas are the fourth largest caste in Karnataka after the Lingayats, Vokkaligas and Muslims. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
    • Kurubas in other states are known by different names – as Dhangars in Maharashtra, Rabaris or Raikas in Gujarat, Dewasis in Rajasthan and Gadarias in Haryana.

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. Kiran helpline is an initiative to support the mental health and well-being of students.

2. Manodarpan is the initiative of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (A) 1 only

Explanation
  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched a 24/7 toll-free helpline ‘Kiran’ to provide support to people facing anxiety, stress, depression, suicidal thoughts and other mental health concerns. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • As per the data of the Ministry, 70% of callers to the ‘Kiran Helpline’ were men, most being young adults.
    • The Ministry of Education had launched the ‘Manodarpan’ initiative to provide psycho-social support and counselling to students for their mental health and well-being. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

#5. Consider the following statements:

1. Ukraine was formerly republics of the Soviet Union.

2. Ukraine is surrounded by the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea in the south.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS:  (C) Both 1 and 2

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Explanation
  • With the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. (the Soviet Union) in December 1991, Ukraine gained full independence.
    • The country changed its official name to Ukraine, and it helped to found the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), an association of countries that were formerly republics of the Soviet Union. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Ukraine, a country located in eastern Europe. The capital is Kyiv (Kiev), located on the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine.
  • Ukraine is bordered by Belarus to the north, Russia to the east, the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea to the south, Moldova and Romania to the southwest, and Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland to the west. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • In the far southeast, Ukraine is separated from Russia by the Kerch Strait, which connects the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea.
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