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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 20th Jan 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 20th Jan. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements with respect to Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA):

1. It is a United States federal law.

2. CAATSA includes sanctions against countries that engage in significant transactions with the Russian defence and intelligence sectors.

3. Sanctions have been imposed under the act on Iran, North Korea and Turkey.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (C) 1, 2 and 3

#2. Consider the following statements with respect to Subhas Chandra Bose:

1. He authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’.

2. The newspaper named ‘Swaraj’ was started by him.

3. He founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha to promote revolution against British rule.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

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  • Subhas Chandra Bose authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’ which covers the Indian independence movement from 1920 to 1942. The book was banned by the British government.
  • He also started a newspaper called ‘Swaraj’.
  • Naujawan Bharat Sabha was founded in 1926 by Bhagat Singh.

#3. Exercise Desert Knight-21 and Garuda are air exercises between which of the following countries?

1. India

2. France

3. Australia

4. Saudi Arabia

Choose the correct option:

ANS: (A) 1 and 2 only

Explanation:

  • Exercise Desert King-21 is a bilateral air exercise between India and France.
  • As part of Indo-French defence cooperation, Indian Air Force and French Air and Space Force have held six editions of Air Exercises named ‘Garuda’, the latest being in 2019 at Air Force Base Mont-de-Marsan, France.

#4. Which of the following statements are correct about Guru Gobind Singh?

1. He founded the principles of Khalsa.

2. He fought against the Mughals in the battle of Muktsar.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • Recently, the Prime Minister paid homage to Guru Gobind Singh on his birth anniversary. He was the last of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru Gobind Singh was born on 22nd December, 1666 in Patna, Bihar.
  • He is known for his significant contributions to the Sikh religion, including the introduction of the turban to cover hair.
  • He also founded the principles of Khalsa. Hence, the statement 1 is correct.
  • He fought against the Mughals in the battle of Muktsar in 1705. Hence, the statement 2 is correct.
  • In the Battle of Anandpur (1704), the Guru lost his mother and two minor sons who were executed. His eldest son also died in battle.
  • His literary contributions include the Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, etc.
  • He also wrote the Zafarnama which was a letter to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

#5. Consider the following statements about Bandipur Tiger Reserve:

1. It is located at the tri-junction area of states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

2. It is located between river Kabini in the north and Tungabhadra in the south.

3. The Bandipur tiger reserve has the single largest Asiatic Elephant population in the world.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) 3 only

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Explanation
  • The Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established in 1973 under Project Tiger.
    • In 1985, by including adjacent areas from Venugopala Wildlife Park, it was enlarged and named as Bandipur National Park.
  • Location: It is situated in two contiguous districts (Mysore and Chamarajanagar) of Karnataka and is located at the tri-junction area of the States Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It forms a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • It is endowed with rich floral and faunal diversity and is recognized as one of the Mega Biodiversity Areas in the country.
    • The Bandipur along with Nagarahole, Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam & Wayanad constitutes the single largest Wild population of Tigers in the world.
    • This Landscape is also home to the single largest Asian Elephant population in the world and is part of the Mysore Elephant Reserve (MER). Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • Rivers and the Highest Point: The park is located between the Kabini river in the north and the Moyar river in the south. The Nugu river runs through the park. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
    • The highest point in the park is on a hill called Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta.
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