Home Current AffairsDaily current affairs quiz Current Affairs Quiz Today – 28th Jan 2021

Current Affairs Quiz Today – 28th Jan 2021

by admin
current affairs quiz today
Current affairs quiz today – 28th Jan. 2021.
We recommend that you read the current affairs of 28th Jan. 2021 before taking today’s current affairs quiz. Click here to access it.

Results

#1. What is the primary purpose of Elephant Corridors?

ANS: (A) Facilitating the stress-free migration of elephants from one habitat to another

Explanation:

  • Elephant corridors are set up between two protected areas in order to provide for stress-free migration of elephants from one habitat to another.
  • These corridors also reduce the scope of human-animal conflict.

#2. “World Energy Outlook” is published by:

ANS: (B) International Energy Agency

Advertisements
Projectvala assignment service updated

Explanation:

The World Energy Outlook is the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) flagship publication. It provides a comprehensive view of how the global energy system could develop in the coming decades.

#3. Which of the following statements about Govind Ballabh Pant are correct?

1. He participated in the Non-Cooperation movement as well as Salt march during the Civil Disobedience Movement.

2. He was against a separate electorate for minorities.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • Recently, a statue of freedom fighter Govind Ballabh Pant was unveiled at its new location on a roundabout at the Pandit Pant Marg, New Delhi.
  • Govind Ballabh Pant joined the Congress in December 1921 and soon joined the non- cooperation movement. In 1930, he was imprisoned for organizing a Salt March inspired by Gandhi’s earlier actions. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • When in Government, he tried to bring in reforms which would do away with the Zamindari system.
    • He also pleaded to the Government for lowering agricultural taxes on farmers.
  • He encouraged many cottage industries in the country and raised his voice against the coolie-beggar law, which forced porters to transport the heavy luggage of British officials without any payment.
  • Pant was always against a separate electorate for minorities, saying the step would further divide communities. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

#4. With reference to the International Energy Agency (IEA), consider the following statements:

1. The IEA is an autonomous organisation established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

2. The Clean Energy Transitions Programme (CETP) was launched by the IEA in 2017.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) was established in 1974 as per the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). IEA is an autonomous intergovernmental organisation. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • It was established in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973-1974, to help its members respond to major disruptions in oil supply.
    • Over time, the mandate of the IEA has expanded to include tracking and analyzing key global energy trends, promoting sound energy policy and encouraging multinational energy technology cooperation.
    • Its mission is to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its member countries and beyond.
  • Area of focus: Its mission is guided by four main areas
    • Energy Security,
    • Economic Development,
    • Environmental Awareness and
    • Engagement Worldwide.
  • Headquarter: Paris, France
  • The Clean Energy Transitions Programme (CETP) was launched in November 2017 by the IEA. It is an effort to accelerate global clean energy transitions. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

#5. With reference to the appointment of judges in India, consider the following statements:

1. The judges of Supreme Court and High court are appointed on the recommendation of the National Judicial Appointments Commission.

2. The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed by the president in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the State.

3. On the Presidential reference the individual opinion of Chief Justice of India is final.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (B) 2 only

Advertisements
Explanation

Evolution of the System of judicial appointments:

  • First Judges Case (1981): SC ruled that the “consultation” with the Chief Justice of India (CJI) in the matter of appointments must be full and effective.
    • However, the CJI’s opinion should have primacy.
  • Second Judges Case (1993): SC introduced the Collegium system, holding that “consultation” really meant “concurrence”.
    • It added that it was not the CJI’s individual opinion, but an institutional opinion formed in consultation with the two senior-most judges in the SC. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
  • Third Judges Case (1998): SC on President’s reference expanded the Collegium to a five-member body, comprising the CJI and four of his senior-most colleagues.
  • Judges of the higher judiciary are appointed only through the collegium system and the government has a role only after names have been decided by the collegium.
    • The attempt made to replace the collegium by a ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission’ was struck down by the court in 2015 on the ground that it posed a threat to the independence of the judiciary. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • Article 124(2) of the Indian Constitution provides that the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President after consultation with such a number of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as the President may deem necessary for the purpose.
  • Article 217 of the Indian Constitution states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State, and, in the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
finish

Click here to access quizzes from previous days.

Related Articles

Leave a Comment

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

× Chat with us on WhatsApp