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Daily Current Affairs Quiz – 17th Dec. 2020

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#1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP):

1. DPSPs are borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland.

2. DPSPs are ideals which are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.

3. The DPSP followed the idea of the ‘Instrument of Instructions’ of the Government of India Act of 1935.

4. They embody the concept of a ‘police state’.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (2)

Explanation:

  • The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are ideals which are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.
  • The DPSP followed the idea of the ‘Instrument of Instructions’ of the Government of India Act of 1935.
  • The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been borrowed from the Irish Constitution and enumerated in Part IV (Article 36-51) of our Constitution.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy embody the concept of a ‘welfare state’ and not that of a ‘police state’.

#2. Which of the following indices are released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)?

1. Human Development Index

2. Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index

3. Gender Development Index

4. Gender Inequality Index

5. Multidimensional Poverty Index

Choose the correct option:

ANS: (4)

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#3. Consider the following statements with respect to the National Hydrology Project:

1. The project aims at improving the extent, reliability and accessibility of water resources information and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resource management institutions in India.

2. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

3. The National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) has been established under the project as a nationwide repository of water resources data.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

ANS: (1)

Explanation:

  • The National Hydrology Project (NHP) was started in 2016 as a Central Sector Scheme with 100% grant to implementing agencies on a pan-India basis.
  • The project aims at improving the extent, reliability and accessibility of water resources information and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resource management institutions in India.
  • Thus, the NHP is facilitating the acquisition of reliable information efficiently which would pave the way for an effective water resource development and management.
  • Under the Project, the National Water informatics Centre (NWIC) has been established, which is a nationwide repository of water resources data.

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. GRIHA is India’s own green building rating system conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute.

2. Global Housing Technology Challenge is organised by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (1)

Explanation

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  • Recently, the inaugural session of the 12thGreen Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Summit was organised virtually. It is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction.
  • GRIHA is recognised as India’s own green building rating systemin India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • GRIHAwas conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable EnergyHence, statement 1 is correct.
  • There are other such related Initiatives like Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC) Organised by the Ministry of Housing and Urban AffairsHence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • GHTC aims to identify and mainstream best available and proven construction technologies that are sustainable, green and disaster-resilient to enable a paradigm shift in housing construction.

#5. Consider the following statements:

1. The freedom of press is implicitly protected under Article 19 of the Indian Constitution.

2. The Press Council of India is a constitutional body formed to preserve the freedom of the press.

3. India is ranked among top countries in the World Press Freedom Index (WPFI).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (1)

Explanation
  • The Constitution of India, the supreme law of the land, guarantees freedom of speech and expression under Article 19, which deals with ‘Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
  • Freedom of press is not expressly protected by Indian legal system but it is impliedly protected under article 19(1) (a) of the constitution, which states – “All citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression”. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Press Council of India (PCI) is a regulatory body established under the Press Council of India Act of 1978. It is a statutory, quasi judicial body which acts as a watchdog of the press.
  • It aims to preserve the freedom of the press and maintain and improve the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • The Paris based Reporters Without Borders (RSF) publishes annually a World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) purporting to evaluate the level of freedom available to the media in 180 countries.
  • India has dropped to two places on the World Press Freedom Index, 2020 to be ranked 142nd out of 180 countries. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
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