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Current Affairs Quiz Today – 23rd Jan 2021

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Current affairs quiz today – 23rd Jan. 2021.
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Results

#1. Consider the following statements:

1. Exercise Kavach is a bi-lateral military exercise of Indian Airforce and Royal Australian Air Force.

2. The Andaman and Nicobar command is the first integrated theatre command in India.

3. Exercise Sea-Vigil and TROPEX are biennial coastal security exercises.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

ANS: (A) 1 only

Explanation
  • A large-scale Tri service Military ‘Exercise Kavach’ will be conducted in January 2021 under the aegis of the Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC), the only Joint Forces Command of the country.
    • The exercise involves participation from the Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Air Force and Indian Coast Guard. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • The Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) is the first integrated theatre command in India with headquarters at Port Blair. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Other Exercises for Coastal Security:
    • Exercise ‘Sea Vigil’.
      • Recently, the second edition of the biennial pan-India coastal defence exercise ‘Sea Vigil-21’ has started.
    • Tropex (Theatre-level Readiness Operational Exercise) which Indian Navy conducts every two years. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

#2. Which of the following is/are Indian Arctic Research Base/s?

1. Maitri

2. Himadri

3. Bharati

Choose the correct option:

ANS: (B) 2 only

Explanation:

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  • “Maitri” and “Bharati” are Indian Antarctic Research Bases.
  • “Himadri” is an Indian Arctic Research Base.
  • India launched its first scientific expedition to the Arctic Ocean in 2007 and opened a research base named “Himadri” at the International Arctic Research Base at Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway in July 2008 for carrying out studies in disciplines like Glaciology, Atmospheric sciences & Biological sciences.

#3. “Operation Trident” and “Operation Python” were a part of which of the following?

ANS: (A) Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

Explanation:

  • Operation Trident was an offensive operation launched by the Indian Navy on Pakistan’s port city of Karachi during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
  • Operation Python, a follow-up to Operation Trident, was the code name of a naval attack launched on West Pakistan’s port city of Karachi by the Indian Navy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

#4. With reference to the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), consider the following statements:

1. It was established as an autonomous Research and Development Institution of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

2. It is designated as a nodal body to coordinate among various scientific bodies to promote domestic scientific research capacities in the Arctic.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation
  • Recently, India drafted a new Arctic policy that aims at expanding scientific research, sustainable tourism and exploration of mineral oil and gas in the Arctic region.
    • India has designated Goa-based National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research to lead scientific research and act as a nodal body to coordinate among various scientific bodies to promote domestic scientific research capacities in the Arctic. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • NCPOR was established as an autonomous Research and Development Institution of the Ministry of Earth Sciences on the 25th May 1998. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Earlier known as National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR), NCPOR is India’s premier R&D institution responsible for the country’s research activities in the Polar and Southern Ocean realms.
  • It is the nodal agency for planning, promotion, coordination and execution of the entire gamut of polar and southern ocean scientific research in the country as well as for the associated logistics activities.

#5. With reference to Subhas Chandra Bose, consider the following statements:

1. He opposed Motilal Nehru Report on the issue of dominion status for India.

2. He opposed the suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement.

3. He won the congress presidential elections at Haripura in 1938.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

ANS: (D) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation
  • The central government has decided to observe Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti as ‘Parakram Diwas’ to be celebrated on 23rd January.
  • He stood for unqualified swaraj (independence), and opposed Motilal Nehru Report which spoke for dominion status for India. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • He actively participated in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930 and vehemently opposed the suspension of Civil Disobedience Movement and signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in 1931. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Bose won the congress presidential elections at Haripura in 1938. Again in 1939 at Tripuri, he won the presidential elections against Gandhi’s candidate Pattabhi Sitarammayya. Due to ideological differences with Gandhi, Bose resigned and left congress. Rajendra Prasad was appointed in his place. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
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